The arts of Japan and China proved to have an outstanding impact on Europe from the 1850s. The lifting of trade restrictions with Japan in 1853-54 allowed vast quantities of antique bronzes, jades, porcelain, prints and metalwork to flood into Europe. The displays of Japanese art at the 1862 International Exhibition in London stimulated particular interest in the various metalworking techniques, including cloisonne enamel. This technique had originated in China but was also in use in Japan. Its revival in France began in Paris in the 1860s, used by such large-scale metalwork firms as Barbedienne and Christofle.
The Falize firm used the same technique, but on a much smaller scale, for their jewellery. The Victoria and Albert Museum, London, holds a sequence of a design and three models showing the different stages in the technique of cloisonne enamelling, presented by Alexis Falize (1811-98) in 1869. Japanese prints were the main source of motifs used by the Falize firm, among them Hokusai's Manga, a pictorial encyclopaedia of every aspect of Japanese life.